Ernest Manheim's Hungarian passport, issued in London, June 30, 1937.


Visa allowing for entry to the USA in Ernest Manheim's Hungarian passport from 1937

























Ernest Manheim's article on the 1956 Hungarian uprising in: The Kansas City Times (Kansas City, Mo.)
from December 1, 1956







For Ernest Manheim, Great Britain was only an intermediate refuge in his escape from the National Socialists; he was striving for a professorship in the USA and to this end inquired at different people about possible positions - e.g. at the political scientist and economist Ferdinand A(loys) Hermens (1906-1998).

Even though Ernest Manheim repeatedly had to take refuge from political prosecution - in early 1920, he had to flee his native Hungary for Austria, and then again, in 1933, he had to escape from National Socialist Germany - he never thought of himself as an "Exile", but as an "Emigrant". The preference for the more neutral term is remarkable, since, after all, he had to cancel his application for Habilitation [State doctorate] in Leipzig for "racial" reasons. What is more, members of the Manheim family in Hungary later lost their lives as a result of National Socialist prosecution.

Moreover, numerous letters in Ernest Manheim's collected correspondence are proof for his close contacts to the German and Austrian exile milieu, including people like the sociologist Richard
F(ritz) W(alter) Behrendt (1908-1972), the psychiatrist and neurologist Karl Birnbaum (1878-1950), the sociologist Norbert Elias (1897-1990), the philosopher Hugo Fischer (1897-1975), the sociologist Hans H(einrich) Gerth (1908-1978), the sociologist Rudolf Heberle (1896-1991), Eduard Heimann (1889-1967), the economist and social scientist (1889-1967), the criminologist and law theoretician Hans von Hentig (1887-1974), the economist and statistician Paul G(ustav)
A(ugust) Hermberg
(1888-1969), the political scientist and economist Ferdinand A(loys) Hermens (1906-1998), the anthropologist Paul Kirchhoff (1900-1972), the sociologist Paul Kecskemeti (i.e. Pál Kecskeméti; 1901-1980), the historian Ernst Kohn-Bramstedt (1901-1978), the pedagogue Hans Lamm (1913-1985), the economist and sociologist Adolph Lowe (d.i. Adolph Löwe; 1893-1995), the sociologist Charlotte Lütkens (born Mendelsohn; 1896-1967), the sociologist Karl Mannheim (i.e. Károly Mannheim; 1893-1947), the economist Gerhard E(mil)
O(tto) Meyer
(1903-1973), the social scientist and political scientist Franz L(eopold) Neumann (1900-1954), the law theoretician Max Rheinstein (1899-1977), the sociologist and political scientist Hans Speier (1905-1990), the germanist Karl Viëtor (1892-1951), the social scientist and sinologist Karl August Wittfogel (1896-1988) and the sociologist Kurt Heinrich Wolff (*1912).

Ernest Manheim also maintained close relations and solidarity with his native Hungary. Not only his compositions (e.g. his arrangements of Hungarian folk tunes), some of which were strongly influenced by the Hungro-American composer Béla Bartók (1881-1945) testify to this, but also his continuing interest in Hungarian politics and culture. Of particular relevancy in this respect is Ernest Manheim's article about the 1956 Hungarian uprising.


Ende