Lazarsfeld, M., and Zeisl, H. Die Arbeitslosen von Marienthal [The Unemployed of Marienthal]. Psychologische Monographien, V (1933), 123
in: The American Journal of Sociology (Chicago, Ill.), 39. Bd., Nr. 4 (Januar 1934), S. 579–580.
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158. Lazarsfeld, M., and Zeisl, H. Die Arbeitslosen von Marienthal [The Unemployed of Marienthal]. Psychologische Monographien, V (1933), 123. A study of the effect of continued unemployment lasting for two years or more was made in a village of 1,486 inhabitants. Among the 478 families in Marienthal, 367 depended entirely on the dole. The number of those who after a certain time received no further support increased steadily. Observations were made through various agencies established for this purpose: a distribution of clothes (providing an introduction to the homes), a course in sewing, free clinics for women and children, a gymnasium course for girls, educational guidance
for parents, speakers for political clubs. Complete information on each of the inhabitants was gathered. The semi-monthly payment of the dole to those still entitled to it is the most important day in the village. Budgets are worked out in minute detail. Time has lost its meaning, papers remain unread, books in the (free) library unused. Health conditions have improved. At least one-sixth of each truck garden is used to raise flowers. Changes in attitude due to continued unemployment are noted. Thefts of cats, dogs, and other edibles remain unreported. Old feuds are settled. Four main types of attitude are distinguished: resigned (69 per cent of population), unbroken (23 per cent), desperate and apathetic (8 per cent). A historic review of the sociographic survey method is appended. (VIII, I). – H. Beaumont. (Courtesy of Psychological Abstracts.)