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The Marienthal Study

A Classical Book of the Social Sciences

From November 1931 until May 1932 researchers from the Viennese Austrian Research Unit for Economic Psychology, founded in October 1931, under the direction of Paul Felix Lazarsfeld (1901–1976), investigated the social and psychological effects of unemployment in Marienthal, where – because of the shutdown of the factory – about fifty percent of the workers were unemployed and about seventy-five percent of the families were affected by unemployment. The main text of the book »Marienthal. The Sociography of an Unemployed Community«, published in Leipzig 1933, was written by Marie Jahoda (1907–2001), the sociographic appendix by Hans Zeisel (1905–1992), the introduction by Paul F. Lazarsfeld.

German Editions

Translations

Click on an image to enlarge! Take care of the Copyright!

Marienthal factory workers at the Feilbach bridge, Hauptstraße. Right the warehouse of Josef Boldischar (1881–1941) in the workers’ Schulhof boarding-house (built 1846, pulled down 1991), in the back the workers’ Spitalhof boarding-house (1881). Left to right: Franz Krátký (1862–1945), Josef Dienstl (1904–1960), Johann Tománek (1871–1957), Josef Thau (1901–1947), and two persons unknown.

Photo by Hans Zeisel 1931; original 11,6 X 11,7 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), »Marienthal« Virtual Archives, Marie Jahoda picture collection, call number 47/002.001.005 (also Marie Jahoda papers, call number 41/8.F-107).
© Copyright

The demolition of the plants for dyeing, washing, and printing (built 1881, 1887, and 1882; pulled down 1930) of the Marienthal textile factory. The photo was used as working material for the Marienthal study.

Photo by Hans Zeisel 1930; original 5,7 X 5,3 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), »Marienthal« Virtual Archives, Marie Jahoda picture collection, call number 47/002.001.001 (also Marie Jahoda papers, call number 41/8.F-103).
© Copyright

Inside the shut-down spinning mill with carding mill (built 1847 to 1850, burned down 1945) of the Marienthal textile factory after moving the machines. The photo was used as working material for the Marienthal study.

Photo by Hans Zeisel 1931; original 4,9 X 5,5 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), »Marienthal« Virtual Archives, Marie Jahoda picture collection, call number 47/002.001.003 (also Marie Jahoda papers, call number 41/8.F-105).
© Copyright

The demolition of the plants for dyeing, washing, and printing (built 1881, 1887, and 1882; pulled down 1930) of the Marienthal textile factory. The photo was used as working material for the Marienthal study.

Photo by Hans Zeisel 1930; original 5,3 X 5,3 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), »Marienthal« Virtual Archives, Marie Jahoda picture collection, call number 47/002.001.002 (also Marie Jahoda papers, call number 41/8.F-104).
© Copyright

Marie Jahoda (1907–2001), author of the main text of the Marienthal study.

Cutting of a photo December 1931; original 4,6 X 3,5 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), Marie Jahoda papers, call number 41/8.F-10.
© Copyright

Paul Felix Lazarsfeld (1901–1976), initiator, director, and author of the introduction of the Marienthal study.

Cutting of a photo 1929; original 4,6 X 3,5 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), Marie Jahoda papers, call number 41/8.F-7.
© Copyright

Hans Zeisel (1905–1992), author of the sociographic appendix of the Marienthal study.

Cutting of a photo 1930; original 6,38 X 7,54 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), »Marienthal« Virtual Archives, John Zeisel picture collection, call number 47/037.001.001.
© Copyright

Lotte Schenk-Danzinger (1905–1992), did most of the field research during the Marienthal study.

Cutting of a photo 1931; original 12,7 X 13,2 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), »Marienthal« Virtual Archives, Johannes Schenk picture collection, call number 47/038.001.002.
© Copyright

Josef Bilkovsky (1871–1940), mayor of Gramatneusiedl 1919 to 1934; he significantly supported the project team of the Marienthal study.

Cutting of a photo 1929; original 6,2 X 8,5 cm.

Source: Archives for the History of Sociology in Austria (Graz), Walter Dienstl: Marienthal-Gramatneusiedl picture collection, call number 43/541.
© Copyright

© Reinhard Müller
Status: July 2011

The Peasant Village
The Textile Factory
The Factory-owners
The Locality
Workmen’s Clubhouse
The Herrengarten
Settlement Communities
Clubs & Associations
Workers’ Athletic Club
Singing & Music
The First of May
The Social Democracy
Neu-Reisenberg
The 1920s
The Marienthal Study
National Socialism

World War II
End of the Factory
Revitalization of Marienthal
Marienthal – The Film
Objects

Short chronicle
Marienthal map
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