The Project Team of the Marienthal Study
The Marienthal study was a project run by the
Viennese Austrian Research Unit for Economic Psychology
(»Österreichische Wirtschaftspsychologische Forschungsstelle«) under the direction of
Felix Lazarsfeld (1901–1976). Usually only the names of the authors are associated with this book: Paul Felix Lazarsfeld, who wrote the »Introduction«,
Marie Jahoda (1907–2001), at that time his wife, author of the main text, and
Hans Zeisel (1905–1992), who added the sociographic appendix. In addition, there is also a noteworthy team of on-site investigators who have received scant attention so far.
The Marienthal study is essentially based on intensive field research, which was accomplished in form of participatory observation. According to the introduction to the Marienthal study,
Lotte Schenk-Danzinger (1905–1992), who worked on site, contributed
»substantially to the success of the whole study. While staying in Marienthal for six weeks, she established relations with great human skill and collected all the essential material with diligence and professional understanding.
In the course of processing, her fine observations and her outline of the vast material were of great help to us« (pp. V–VI). Another fourteen people worked together with her (and two non-scientific collaborators for political contacts only:
all of them coming from the social-democrat movement and / or they were family or friends of Marie Jahoda and Paul F. Lazarsfeld
who were still married at that time, but lived separated.
The Project Team
née von Guttenberg (1910–2000),
at that time student of psychology at Vienna University.
Maria Deutsch, née Herzmansky, married Kramer (1884–1973), at that time secondary school principal and social-democrat member of the municipal council of Vienna; emigrated 1939 to Great Britain, France, and 1941 to the USA, returned to Vienna in 1946; life companion of the famous Austrian Social Democrat Julius Deutsch (1884–1968), later a general of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil War, mother of Hedwig Jahoda.
(1909–1979), at that time student of international trade and philosophy
in Vienna University, later social-democrat party official and Austrian diplomat;
emigrated to France in 1938, returned to Vienna in 1949.
Clara Jahoda (1901–1986), at that time physician in Vienna, emigrated to Great Britain in the 1930s, physician at a school in Bristol; cousin of
Marie Jahoda who was staying with her during her exile in Bristol 1938 to 1939.
Hedwig Erna Friederike Jahoda, née Kramer, adopted Deutsch (1911–1961), at that time student of psychology
at Vienna University, married later
Fritz Jahoda (1909–2008), a brother of
Marie Jahoda; emigrated to Great Britain in 1938, to the USA in 1939; clinical psychologist; daughter of
(1907–2001), author of the main text of the Marienthal study; emigrated to Great Britain in 1937.
Paul Felix Lazarsfeld
(1901–1976), director and author of the introduction of the Marienthal study; emigrated to the USA in 1935.
Lotte Schenk-Danzinger, née Charlotte Danziger, since about 1932: Dazinger (1905–1992), at that time assistant of
Charlotte Bühler (1893–1974) at Vienna
University; later pedagogue, psychologist and sociologist.
(1897–1962), at that time physician in Vienna,
functionary of Social-Democratic Physicians founded for Vienna in 1924;
emigrated to the USA in 1938.
Josefine Stross, until 1938: Stroß (1901–1995), at that time paediatrician, later psychoanalyst, colleague of Edith Banfield Jackson (1895–1977) and Dorothy Burlingham (1891–1979) in Vienna and later in London;
emigrated to Great Britain in 1938, accompanied
Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) as his physician.
Gertrude Wagner, née Höltei (1907–1992), at that time employee of the Austrian Research Unit for Economic Psychology
in Vienna and scientific director together with
Marie Jahoda since 1934, later sociologist in London and Vienna; emigrated to Great Britain in 1936, where she worked together with
Marie Jahoda at the War-time Social
Survey 1940/41, returned to Vienna in 1948.
Walter Wodak (1908–1974), at that time student of law
at Vienna University, later official of the social-democrat party and Austrian diplomat;
emigrated to Great Britain in 1938, where he worked together with
Marie Jahoda for the secret Austrian radio station »Radio Red Vienna«, returned to Vienna in 1945.
Hans Zeisel, until 1938: Zeisl (1905–1992), author of the sociographic appendix of the Marienthal study, also
photographer for the Marienthal project; emigrated via Great Britain to the USA in 1938; brother of
Ilse Zeisel, until 1938: Zeisl, married
(1909–1999), at that time student of philosophy, English literature, and psychology
at Vienna University as well as athlete, later market researcher; emigrated to the USA in 1938; sister of
(1904–1939), at that time physician in Vienna
and functionary of Social-Democratic Physicians founded for Vienna in
© Reinhard Müller
Status: May 2012
Norbert Mutsch, Gramatneusiedl